San Antonio Roofing Company mentioned in the general roof maintenance article, keeping your gutters clear of debris
and removing hanging branches near the roof will help keep your shingles in top shape. Clean moss, lichen, and molds
with a solution of water and chlorine bleach or other solvent. But what if your wood shingle roof needs repairs? Types of
Wood Roofs First of all, there are two basic kinds of wood roofs. Shingles are smooth. Shakes are rough-hewn and
rustic. They come in varying lengths, and are typically 16, 18, or 24 inches long. Most are made from red cedar, which is
durable and resists insect damage. Sometimes manufacturers use preservative-treated pine or other woods.
Maintenance and repair for both types are the same.  Whatever type you choose, when you first have your roof installed
is sure to keep a bundle of shingles that can be used for future repairs. Commercially Available Treatments from San
Antonio Roofing Company If you protect your wood roof with a commercially available treatment, it will last longer. Left
unprotected, a wood roof will begin to decay within ten years; but could last as long as 30 years with proper treatment.
Home improvement stores carry a variety of products for this. Each comes with its own specific directions, and it is
important to follow those explicitly. You will typically get the best protection if you dip the shingles into the solution, or
apply the treatment with a brush for maximum coverage. Curled ShinglesIf your wood shingle curls away from the roof, it
can usually be flattened and reattached call San Antonio Roofing Company If the shingle is brittle (as often happens in
cold weather), you must soften first. Do this by using a propane torch with a flame spreader nozzle. Use it to warm the
curled edges; of course be careful not to burn them!Once they are warm, you should be able to easily flatten the edges
and reattach the shingle with asphalt roof cement. Apply roof cement generously to each corner and press back into
place. Use a brick or other heavy object to hold the shingle flat while the roof cement sets. Repair a Cracked Shingle
San Antonio Roofing Company believes It is better to repair small cracks than to replace the shingle. To fix a crack that
is smaller (under ¼ inch), first pull out loose splinters. Now only the large pieces remain. Nail the large pieces down
with galvanized roofing nails, being careful not to drive the nail heads into the shingle; that will damage the shingle
surface. Cover the crack and the nail heads with roofing cement. For cracks wider than ¼ inch, you will need to
use a sheet metal patch. Drive a piece of sheet metal under the crack of the shingle, until the top of the metal reaches
past the upper edge of the crack. Nail the shingle pieces down with galvanized roofing nails, being careful not to drive
the nail heads into the shingle, which will damage the shingle surface. Cover the crack and nail heads with roofing
cement. Remove shingles that cannot be repaired Remove pieces of broken shingle that can be chiseled out or pulled
out with your fingers. When you pull, move in a down and out motion to avoid damaging other shingles. Use a hacksaw
to cut nails that held the broken shingle. Cut them even with the sheathing or wood slats. You will probably have to pry
the shingle above it up enough to get all the nails. Be careful you don’t crack the good shingle. Completely remove the
broken shingle and then use the hacksaw to remove the nails that secured it, being careful of the decking underneath.
Cut a replacement shingle, making it approximately 3/8 inch narrower than the empty space. This allows the shingle to
expand when it gets wet. Drive in the replacement shingle using a wood block and hammer. Nail it down and cover any
exposed nail heads with roofing cement.